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Ukraine - a country in Eastern Europe, in the south-western part of the East European Plain. The largest country of those whose territory lies entirely in Europe, the second largest country on the European continent if to consider Russia. Borders with Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary - in the west, Romania and Moldova - in the south-west. In the south and south-east by the Black and Azov Seas.

An area of 603,628 km². The capital - Kiev. The population is about 48000000 people. Official language - Ukrainian. Currency - Hryvnia (exchange rate $ 1 = 15 hryvnia).

Ukraine is a republic with a parliamentary-presidential form of government.

President of Ukraine - Peter Poroshenko.

Ukraine unitary state. Administrative territory of Ukraine is divided into 24 regions (Vinnytsia, Volyn, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Transcarpathian, Zaporozhye, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kiev, Kirovograd, Lugansk, Lvov, Nikolaev, Odessa, Poltava, Rivne, Sumy, Ternopil, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmelnytsky, Cherkasy, Chernivtsi, Chernihiv), one autonomous republic (Crimea), 2 cities of national importance (Kiev, Sevastopol).

Economy: Ukraine has recovered nine economic regions: Donetsk, Carpathian, Northwest, Northeast, Podolsk, Dnieper, Black Sea, Capital, Central economic region.

Donetsk Economic Region - Economic Region, located in the south-eastern Ukraine. Includes Donetsk and Lugansk region. The main cross-industry complexes: energy, machine-building, chemical and industrial. Dominated type of suburban agriculture. Well-developed transport and recreational complexes.

Carpathian economic region - is located in the west of Ukraine. Consisting of Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Transcarpathian region, Chernivtsi oblast.Karpatsky district borders with Poland, Romania, Moldova, Hungary and Slovakia, which leads the profitability of its geographical position. Due to its Western neighbors can be traced at the production level as well as in the field of culture, especially the national composition of the district. The district is the most important transportation route.

Podolsky economic region - this economic region of Ukraine, located on the right bank of Ukraine in the west forest-steppe zone, including Vinnytsia, Ternopil and Khmelnytsky region.

Minerals, iron ore of Krivoy Rog Basin are presented 12 billion tons. There are also deposits in Belozersky area Chortonitsku, yellow waters. There are deposits of titanium, rutile-ilmenite ore, zirconium, nickel, cobalt. In Western Donbass lies 8600000000 tons of coal, there are also deposits of brown coal, oil, natural gas, bauxite.

Black Sea socio-economic region occupies the southern part of Ukraine. It consists of Crimea, Odessa, Nikolaev and Kherson regions, in the area developed are engineering, recreation complex, diversified food industry, high-value agriculture with a high proportion of grain crops, orchards, vineyards, tobacco and oil crops.

Metropolitan area ranks second place in the territory of Ukraine, and in terms of population second place only to the Donetsk and Black Sea economic regions.

The area covers the territory of Kyiv, Chernihiv and Zhytomyr regions. Second place in the country belongs to the region for the production of industrial output, the production of agricultural products is second only to the Black Sea region.

Central economic region takes in accordance with the title, central geographic location within Ukraine and is the only area that occupies a completely internal situation in the country. Consists of two administrative regions - Kirovohrad and Cherkasy. The area of the district - 45.5 thousand. Km (7.5% of the country), the population - 2530.5 thous. People (5.2% of the population of Ukraine). According to the administrative-territorial unit within the area, there are 41 district, 28 towns, 41 village and 1843 rural settlements.

In the national division of labor, the area allocated to production of farm machinery, electrical, power, instrumentation, food processing, production of graphite, uranium ore, construction industry, chemical industry.


Ukraine is among the leading mineral states.

In Ukraine, 20 thousand explored. 111 deposits and occurrences of minerals. Of these, 7807 deposits of 94 kinds of minerals have industrial importance and are recorded state balance reserves. The greatest economic importance are coal, oil and gas, iron and manganese ore, native sulfur, rock salt, potassium salt, non-metallic building materials, mineral water. Their deposits are in different geological regions of Ukraine. In proven reserves of some minerals Ukraine ahead of Russia, the US, Britain, France, Germany, Canada and others. In particular, reserves and production of iron, manganese, titanium and zirconium ores, many non-metallic mineral Ukraine at the end of the XX century. took the leading place among the CIS countries, of Europe and world

The main business areas: agriculture, heavy industry, metallurgy, finance, mobile communication, coal, oil and gas, transport, logistics, construction, light industry, power industry, trade, food industry, the service sector.

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