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Afganistan

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Afghanistan

Full official name of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - a republic with a presidential form of government.

Afghanistan - a country in the south of Central Asia, and has no access to the sea. Distance to the nearest sea coast - 500 km. Afghanistan shares a border with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the north, Iran in the west and Pakistan in the south and east.

The area of 652,230 km², the capital - Kabul. The population is about 28 million. person (as of 2009). Official languages - Pashto, Dari and Uzbek. Currency - Afghani (exchange rate of $ 1 = 50 Afs).

Afghanistan is a unitary state. Administrative territory of Afghanistan is divided into 7 provinces and 6 regions.

Afghan President - Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai

Economy:

Employment of the Afghan population is distributed as follows: agriculture 80%, industry 10%, the service sector 10%.

Economy:

Employment of the Afghan population is distributed as follows: agriculture 80%, industry 10%, 10% sphere service staff.

Minerals:

Nadra Afghanistan is rich in minerals, but their development has been limited due to their location in remote mountainous areas.

Present deposits of coal and precious metals, beryllium ores, sulfur, salt, marble, lapis lazuli, barite, celestite. Present deposits of oil, natural gas, gypsum. Explored copper, iron, manganese ore.

Those present oilfield, natural gas, gypsum. Explored copper, iron, manganese ore.

Aynak copper deposit near Kabul is considered the largest in Eurasia (reserves are about 240 million tons. оf ore containing 2.3% (estimate 2006), is located near Kabul and iron ore deposit Hadzhigek (reserves of about 428 million tons. оf ore, containing (62 -68% ), which is considered the largest in the South Asian region. The main business areas: the nomadic pasturing of sheep, goats, camels, growing wheat, cotton, fruit; and handicrafts (carpets, leather goods).

Over the past few years have seen growing employment in the service sector and trade.

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